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NITI Aayog busts myths, states facts on India’s vaccination process

Representational Image

Representational Image

The NITI Aayog on Thursday (May 27) busted myths and stated facts regarding India’s vaccination process. NITI Aayog’s statement comes at a time when the Centre is being of accused for ‘mishandling’ the vaccination process and the shortage of vaccines. In a statement released by NITI Aayog, it stated:

Several myths on India’s Covid-19 vaccination program are doing the rounds. These myths are arisingdue to distorted statements, half truths and blatant lies.
Member (Health) in NITI Aayog and Chair of the National Expert Group on Vaccine Administration for COVID-19 (NEGVAC) Dr Vinod Paul addresses these myths and gives out facts on all these issues.

Here are the myths & facts.

Myth 1: Centre is not doing enough to buy vaccines from abroad
Fact:
The Central Government has remained engaged continuously with all the major international vaccine manufacturers right from mid-2020. Multiple rounds of discussions have happened with Pfizer, J&J & Moderna. Government offered all assistance to have them supply and /or manufacture their vaccines in India. However, it is not that their vaccines are available in free supply. We need to understand that buying vaccines internationally is not similar to buying ?off the shelf? items. Vaccines are in limited supply globally, and companies have their own priorities, game-plans and compulsions in allocating finite stocks. They also give preference to countries of their origin just as our own vaccine makers have done unhesitatingly for us. As soon as Pfizer indicated vaccine availability, Central Government and the company are working together for the earliest possible import of the vaccine. As a result of GoIs efforts, Sputnik vaccine trials got accelerated and with timely approval, Russia has already sent two tranches of vaccines & accomplishedtech-transfer to our companies that would start manufacturing very soon. We reiterate our request to all international vaccine makers to come and make in India ? for India and for the world.

Myth 2: Centre has not approved vaccines available globally
Fact:
The Central Government has proactively eased entry of vaccines approved by US FDA, EMA, UK’s MHRA and Japan’s PMDA, and WHO’s Emergency Use Listing into India in April. These vaccines will not need to undergo prior bridging trials. The provision has now been further amended to waive off the trial requirement altogether for the well-established vaccines manufactured in other countries. No application of any foreign manufacturer for approval is pending with the drugs controller.

Myth 3: Centre is not doing enough to ramp up domestic production of vaccines
Fact:
The Central Government is playing the role of an effective facilitator to enable more companies to produce vaccines from the early 2020. There is only 1 Indian company (Bharat Biotech) which has the IP. GoI has ensured that 3 other companies/plants will start production of Covaxin apart from enhancing Bharat Biotech’s own plants, which have increased from 1 to 4. Covaxin production by Bharat Biotech is being increased from under 1 Cr per month to 10 Cr month by October. Additionally, the three PSUs will together aim to produce upto 4.0 Cr doses by December. With constant encouragement of the Government, Serum Institute is ramping up Covishield production of 6.5 crore doses per month to 11.0 crore doses per month. GoI is also ensuring in partnership with Russia that Sputnik will be manufactured by 6 companies coordinated by Dr Reddys. The Union Government is supporting efforts of Zydus Cadila, BioE as well Gennova for their respective indigenous vaccines through liberal funding under Covid Suraksha scheme as also the technical support at national laboratories. Development of Bharat Biotech’s single dose intranasal vaccine is proceeding well with GoI funding, and it could be a game-changer for the world. The estimate of production of over 200 crore doses by our vaccine industry by the end of 2021 is the result of such efforts and unstinted support and partnership. How many countries can even dream of such an enormous capacity, and that too across conventional as well as cutting-edge DNA and mRNA platforms GoI and vaccine manufacturers have worked as one Team India in this mission with seamless engagement on daily basis.

Myth 4: Centre should invoke compulsory licensing
Fact:
Compulsory Licensing is not a very attractive option since it is not a ?formula? that matters, but active partnership, training of human resources, sourcing of raw materials and highest levels of bio-safety labs which is required. Tech transfer is the key and that remains in the hands of the company that has carried out R&D. Infact, we have gone one step ahead of Compulsory Licensing and are ensuring active partnership between Bharat Biotech & 3 other entities to enhance production of Covaxin. Similar mechanism is being followed for Sputnik. Think about this: Moderna had said in October 2020 that it will not sue any company which makes its vaccines, but still not one company has done it, which shows licensing is the least of the issues. If vaccine-making was so easy, why would even the developed world be so short of vaccine doses

Myth 5: Centre has abdicated its responsibility to the states
Fact:
The Central Government is doing all the heavy-lifting, from funding vaccine manufacturers to giving them quick approvals to ramping up production to bringing foreign vaccines to India. The vaccine procured by the Centre is supplied wholly to the states for free administration to people. All this is very much in the knowledge of the states. GoI has merely enabled states to try procuring vaccines on their own, on their explicit requests. The states very well knew the production capacity in the country and what the difficulties are in procuring vaccines directly from abroad. In fact, GoI ran the entire vaccine program from January to April & it was quite well-administrated compared to the situation in May. But states, who had not even achieved good coverage of healthcare workers and frontline workers in 3 months wanted to open up the process of vaccination and wanted more decentralisation. Health is a state subject & the liberalised vaccine policy was a result of the incessant requests being made by the states to give states more power. The fact that global tenders have not given any results only reaffirm what we have been telling the states from day one: that vaccines are in short supply in the world and it is not easy to procure them at short notice.

Myth 6: Centre is not giving enough vaccines to the states
Fact:
Centre is allotting enough vaccines to the states in a transparent manner as per agreed guidelines. In fact, states are also being informed in advance of the vaccine availability. Vaccine availability is going to increase in near future and much more supply would be possible. In the non-GoI channel, states are getting 25% of the doses and private hospitals are getting 25% doses. However the hiccups and issues faced by the people in the administration of these 25% doses by the states leave a lot to be desired. The behaviour of some of our leaders, who in spite of full knowledge of the facts on vaccine supply, appear on TV daily and create panic among the people is very unfortunate. This is not the time to play politics. We need everyone to unite in this fight.

Myth 7: Centre is not taking any step to vaccinate children
Fact:
As of now, no country in the world is giving vaccines to children. Also, WHO has no recommendation on vaccinating children. There have been studies about safety of vaccines in children, which have been encouraging. Trials in children in India are also going to begin soon. However, vaccinating children should not be decided on the basis of panic in Whatsapp groups and because some politicians want to play politics. It has to be a decision taken by our scientists after adequate data is available based on trials.

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Governance

Maharashtra Cyber Department to launch “Digital Literacy Campaign” in association with Meta

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Nation Next Newsroom | Mumbai


 

Maharashtra Cyber Department and Meta Platforms comprising Facebook, WhatsApp, and Instagram have collaborated to launch the ‘Digital Literacy and Awareness Program’ on 28th March 2022. The launch event will be held from 12 PM to 1:30 PM at Yashwantrao Chavhan Auditorium situated at Nariman Point in Mumbai.

The program is about digital safety best practices for children, adolescents, parents, guardians, and teachers in Maharashtra. The program will include digital literacy awareness sessions, training resources, knowledge repository including child and adult safety self-help material, safety videos, resources, and help guide, with the aim:
To spread awareness about Cyber Bullying, Sextortion, Darknet Services, Social Engineering, Trolling, Identity Theft.
To equip adolescents with tools and knowledge to tackle online threats.
To promote safe online behavior.

In a world where every day is a technological miracle, cybercrime has emerged as an organized, well-funded enterprise due to which the safety of children on the internet has become a global issue discussed at various strategic forums like the United Nations. India as a country needs to do more about the issue and showcase greater cooperation to international bodies working on this initiative.

In this background, it is exceptionally critical for school students to be aware of the threats on the internet like Cyberbullying, Cyber sextortion, trolling online financial frauds, child pornography, darknet crimes, hacking, identity theft, breach of privacy, etc. to make them Cyber responsible with good Cyber hygiene behavior.

Towards this endeavor, Maharashtra Cyber has partnered with Meta Platforms and the India Future Foundation, a training and advocacy organization, to deliver a Digital Literacy and Awareness Program to school/college students for the state of Maharashtra. It will also ensure that is students are saved from traumas and devastating effects of cybercrime such as bullying, sextortion etc.

Maharashtra Cyber is the state nodal agency for Cyber Crime and Cyber Security for Maharashtra constantly engaged in spreading awareness campaigns against cyber-crime. The agency is involved in building cybercrime investigation labs cyber police stations and creating all the necessary awareness about cybercrime amongst the police fraternity and the citizens in Maharashtra.

Meta builds technologies that help people connect, find communities, and grow businesses. When Facebook launched in 2004, it changed the way people connect. Apps like Messenger, Instagram, and WhatsApp further empowered billions around the world. Now, Meta is moving beyond 2D screens toward immersive experiences like augmented and virtual reality to help build the next evolution in social technology.

Actress Ameesha Patel, who was herself victim of cybercrime and was helped by Maharashtra cyber, would also grace the occasion as a special guest of honour and recount her experience. Similarly, actress Aishwarya Raj Bhakuni, who has earned fame in Hindi television and Telugu film industry, would also be present as special guest of honour to recount her cyber experiences. Yashasvi Yadav, Special Inspector General of Police, Maharashtra Cyber, will be prominently present during the occasion.

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Governance

Putin warns other nations of ‘interference’ after declaring war on Ukraine; international oil prices hit $100-mark

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Radhika Dhawad | New Delhi

Vladmir Putin

Vladmir Putin

Russian President Vladimir Putin who announced a military operation in Ukraine and called on the latter’s military to ‘lay down its arms’ on Thursday, warned other countries that any attempt to interfere with the Russian action would lead to ‘consequences they have never seen.’ 

Large explosions were witnessed in Ukraine’s Kyiv and Kharkiv regions. “I have made the decision of a military operation,” said Putin in a surprise television announcement shortly before 6:00am (0300 GMT) in Moscow.


Soon after Putin’s announcement,  the global benchmark Brent crude oil futures hit $100-per-barrel mark and oil prices rocketed to the $100 a barrel mark for the first time since 2014.

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Governance

CREDAI applauds Gadkaris recommendation to shift Petrochemical Refinery Project from Ratnagiri to Vidarbha

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Nation Next Newsroom | Nagpur

Union Minister Nitin Gadkari

Union Minister Nitin Gadkari

CREDAI Nagpur Metro has applauded the step taken by Union Minister Nitin Gadkari for writing a letter to Petroleum Minister Hardeep Singh Puri for shifting Ratnagiri Petrochemical Refinery Project to Vidarbha.

CREDAI Nagpur Metro, through a press release stated that many industries will be benefitted from this project. Refinery Petrochemical Complex with many small and large ancillary units may generate 5 lakh direct indirect jobs helping per capita income to grow manifold. With the huge investment of more than 4 lakh crore, massive opportunities will emerge for different sectors. Real estate sector will also get a boost and may attract Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) also.

The project will not only generate many jobs in Vidarbha but also attract various industries and investments. The organisation stated that this project is a need of hour in Vidarbha to create opportunities for employment and growth of the region. The region will get not give a boost to fuel and LPG companies but also many industries like textiles, soap and detergents, paints, cement, steel etc., which use the petrochemical products.

These ancillary industries will attract jobs for the local people and also from other cities people will turn up. The apex body of builders and developers of Nagpur region welcomed the efforts taken by Vidarbha Economic Development (VED) Council for the project.

The mega refinery project of 60 MMTPA will not only meet future oil demand growth but also boost export of petro-products. This will boost the demand for residential as well as commercial spaces. Steel, cement and all needed building materials available nearby will further help the sector. FlyAsh consumption will increase manifold due to huge consumption of bricks, RMC and project related work.

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