On March 24, 1882, Dr Robert Koch discovered TB bacillus (the cause of tuberculosis). To mark the crucial discovery World TB Day is celebrated every year on March 24. The day is celebrated to raise the common public awareness of the disease, prevention of TB and to mobilize the political and social authorities for further progress towards the disease prevention. The World Health Organisation (WHO), like every year, has kept unique theme for the day, the theme being: Wanted: Leaders for a TB-free world. You can make a history. End TB. Today, on World TB Day, Nation Next tells you about all the disease, its prevalence in India and the symptoms.
Prevalence of TB in India
Tuberculosis is one of the most common and infectious diseases in India. In 2016, TB was responsible for 1.7 million deaths worldwide, despite most of the cases being curable. Over 10 million people contract TB every year. The South-East Asia region, which hosts about one-fourth of the global population, shares a disproportionate 46% global TB disease burden. India accounts for one fourth of the global TB burden. In 2015, an estimated 28 lakh cases of TB were reported in India and 4.8 lakh people died due to TB.
Symptoms and spread of TB
The most common symptoms of TB include mild fever, chills, night sweats, loss of appetite, weight loss, fatigue and blood in sputum. TB can infect any part of the body but most commonly in the lungs. It gets transmitted from the infected person to another weak person through the droplets formed in the throat or lungs.When a person with active pulmonary TB coughs, sneezes, speaks or spits, they expel infectious aerosol droplets. A single sneeze can release up to 40000 droplets. People with prolonged frequent and close contact with patient suffering from TB are at a particularly high risk of contracting the disease. A person with active but untreated TB may infect 10-15 or more people per year.
Types of TB
Multi-Drug Resistant TB (MDR-TB) is a complicated type of TB caused by TB bacteria, which are resistant to the two most effective first line anti-TB drugs – Isoniazid and Rifampicin. It is a serious public health issue, as its treatment is longer and more expensive. Extensive Drug Resistance TB (XDR-TB) is a complicated form of MDR-TB. Total Drug Resistant TB (TDR-TB) is caused by pathogen with resistance to all currently used drugs. A new drug Bedaquilinehas been introduced for the treatment of MDR-TB. However, it is very expensive.
India’s fight against TB
The Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India and WHO hosted the Delhi End TB Summit, which was inaugurated March 13, 2018, by PM Narendra Modi and addressed by the WHO Director-General, Dr Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus. PM Modi reaffirmed his government’s commitment to end TB in India by 2025 and stressed the need for all partners (public and private) and the civil society to come together to end TB in India. Bollywood superstar Amitabh Bachchan, who is a survivor of TB, is now the ambassador of the TB-Free India? campaign.
Research on TB in Nagpur
KRIMS Hospitals, Nagpur, has elaborate research data of TB patients. A total of 570 patients were treated at the hospital for TB between 2012 and 2014. 41 of these patients were suffering from MDR TB and three patients were suffering from XDR-TB. As compared to similar time period from April 2016 onwards, a total of 308 patients were treated for TB. Out of these, 36 patients were suffering from MDR-TB while one patient was suffering from XDR-TB. This data reflects that the prevalence of TB is still on the rise and needs immediate attention from political and social authorities. Speaking about the research and treatment at KRIMS hospital, consultant pulmonologist Dr Sameer Arbat, who has done his fellowship in interventional pulmonology at Ancona, Italy, says, Private sector hospitals are the first point of access for most TB patients. Most patients are hesitant to get the treatment because of the long duration of treatment and multiple medicines. At KRIMS, we provide free medication to all TB patients through the UATBC (Universal Access to TB Care) program and regularly conducting health awareness programs for combating the menace of TB.
RMBRCN celebrates Charter Presentation & Installation, Rina Sinha becomes Charter President
The Rotary Means Business chapter of Rotary Club Of Nagpur (RMBRCN) celebrated their Charter Presentation and Installation of Board on September 17, 2023 in a crisp official ceremony at Hotel Centre Point, Nagpur.
Rotary Means Business encourages Rotarians to support the success of their fellow Rotarians by doing business with them and by referring others to them.
Charter President Past President Rtn Rina Sinha presided over the ceremony. Renowned entrepreneur and Rotarian Aspi Bapuna, Chairman of Bapuna Group, was the Chief Guest and Rtn Namita Sharma, President of RCN, was the Guest of Honour.
The Board of Directors of RMBRCN include Rtn Navneet Jain, Vice President, Rtn Mohammed Master, Honorary Secretary, Rtn Sanjay Aggarwal Treasurer, Rtn Rakhi Bhatia Director Chapter Service, Rtn Rahul Shrivastava, Director Vocational Service, Dr Ruchi Choudhry, Director Membership Development, Ranjana Duseja, Director Attendance.
Past Rotary District Governor (PDG) Shabbir Shakir, Past Presidents- Bharat Goenka , Khushnoor Chugh, Sanjiv Chugh, Akhtar Parvez, Tejinder Singh Rawal, Alok Goenka, Jerestine Watchmaker, Sandeep Dhodapkar, Sanjay Arora, President RMB Nagpur, and Behram Patel and Amitabh Sinha were present.
President Rina Sinha informed that within a short period of its formation already 48 members representing various businesses have joined the chapter and the numbers are increasing . The Chapter has already crossed 5 crores of business amongst their members and RMB will further strengthen Rotary in membership growth and retention .
Chief Guest Rtn Aspi Bapuna lauded the chapter’s success and reiterated that its comfortable and safe to do business among fellow rotarians as all follow the Four Way Test of Rotary. Jerestine introduced President Rina. Aspi Bapuna presented the charter and installed President Rina Sinha . Rtn Namita congratulated the RMB chapter and informed that this is the new initiative at RCN.The Board was installed by Rina Sinha and all members were installed by the Past Presidents. An exclusive digital Monthly Magazine ‘Growth Engine’ was launched by Editor Niharika Chugh Vali.
Navneet Jain and Rahul Choudhry conducted the referral and thank you session where enthusiastic members informed about their successful business details. Nishchay Sinha launched the social media and MYRMB app which connects members to other chapters digitally, Treasurer Sanjay Agarwal gave treasurers report, Rtn Rakhi Bhatia managed the event. Rtn Parag Datey and Niharika were the Masters of Ceremony (MOCs). Secretary Mohammed Master proposed the formal Vote of Thanks .
Nitin Gadkari inaugurates double-decker electric bus availed for senior citizens in Nagpur
Minister of Road Transport and Highways Nitin Gadkari, on Saturday, inaugurated the double-decker electric bus designed for senior citizens in Nagpur. The initiative has been undertaken in association with Ashok Leyland’s CSR (Corporate Social Responsibility) Committee and Jyeshtha Nagarik Pratishthan.
Executive President of Jyeshtha Nagarik Pratishthan Datta Meghe, Vice Chairman of Ashok Leyland Limited Yash Sachar, CEO of Switch Mobility Mahesh Babu, and other dignitaries were present during the inauguration.
“I am very thankful to Ashok Leyland’s electric vehicle arm ‘Switch Mobility’ for donating an electric bus for our senior citizens. The bus can hold a capacity of 65 people and will benefit a lot to disabled and senior citizens,” Gadkari said.
“We already have a green Electra bus available to us for the past five to six years. Krishna Reddy has taken the responsibility of repairing and providing air-conditioning to the bus, moreover, he is providing us with one additional bus. A Tata Motor bus will be arriving this month as well, giving us a total of four buses to operate. This will solve the issue of waiting list due to the lack of buses for senior citizens in the city.” he added.
With the help of these buses, senior citizens can avail the benefit of free trips to religious places like Ambhora, Adasa, Shegaon, Mahur, Dhapewada, and Kalamb.
Nagpur: Married man accused of girlfriend’s rape commits suicide on Facebook live
A 38-year-old married man named Manish alias Raj Yadav, on Sunday, committed suicide during a Facebook live-stream after allegedly being accused of rape by his girlfriend and her family in Nagpur.
During the live stream, Manish, who was married and a father to three children, stated that his 19-year-old girlfriend, Kajal, along with her family members demanded a sum of five lakh rupees and threatened to press charges of rape if he failed to do so.
On September 6, the situation became grave as the woman’s family accused him of eloping after Kajal went missing from her residence.
The deceased refused the claims of having any sexual relationship with the woman and identified her, her family, and a photo studio operator responsible for his condition. He, then, jumped into the river.
After the live video surfaced online, Kalamna Police launched a search operation and recovered the deceased’s body from the river. Four people have been detained in the case for questioning. Further investigation is underway.