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Nagpur chartered accountant’s unique way of keeping Urdu alive!

Nagpur's well-known chartered accountant T S Rawal has come up with a unique way to promote and keep the Urdu language alive!
Nagpur chartered accountant T S Rawal during his Urdu Class at India Peace Centre, Nagpur (Photo by: Suyash Sethiya)

Nagpur’s well-known chartered accountant T S Rawal who also has a Masters degree in Urdu has come up with a unique way to promote and keep the Urdu language alive. He’s taking a six-week free class at India Peace Centre, Sadar, Nagpur wherein he’s teaching Urdu from scratch to people who have a penchant for the language. The class which started from October 5, 2016 will continue till mid November.

Sharing his story as to why he learnt Urdu himself in the first place, Rawal says, “My father was ten when he migrated from Pakistan (then India) to this part of India. He had a big library of Urdu books. After he passed away, I was going to throw the books but then I developed a curiosity to read them. So, just for the sake of reading what was there in the books my father left behind, I started learning Urdu language! Urdu is a beautiful language and about it Urdu poet Daagh Dehlvi once famously said ‘Urdu hai jiska naam, hum hi jaante hain Daagh, saare jaahan mein dhoom humari zabaan ki hain!'”

Urdu – A made in India language

T S Rawal says that contrary to popular perception, Urdu is actually a made in India language. He told Nation Next, “People think that Urdu originated from middle east but that’s certainly not the case. Urdu was developed in India in Delhi and the areas surrounding it when the Mughal army was camping there. Zabane Urdue Mualla is the original name of the language. Mualla in Zabane Urdue Mualla means exalted. It was the language of the camp of the royal army. Natives and armies from Arab, Persia, Turkey and other nations would gather and interact with each other in this language. A shayar once popularly said, ‘Agar Hindustan nahi hota, toh urdu bhi nahi hoti!‘ It is because of Hindustan, Urdu exists and it is the language of Hindustan.”

Downfall of Urdu

Explaining what exactly led to the downfall of Urdu, Rawal says, “Urdu, like Hindi is an Indo Aryan language. For Urdu, the script of the rulers at that point of time was adopted as the script for the language and that’s how Persian script was adopted for writing Urdu. This is the main reason for the confusion that Urdu is a foreign language. This confusion grew over the years and ultimately there was a political divide between Urdu and Hindi. Hindi language followers started sankritising Hindi and Urdu language followers started persianising Urdu. In the process, Urdu got labelled as a language of a community and that led to the downfall of the language. Let me tell you this: Languages don’t belong to communities, they belong to regions! When Urdu was dubbed as the language of a community, people stopped reading the basic script. The nuances of any language can be understood only with the help of the script of that language. There are some typical alphabets which are used only in Urdu and not in Hindi. A lot of people claim that they are good in Urdu but they fail to realise that when you don’t know the script, you don’t know the language. Without the basic script, the impurities in Urdu grew over time. Thankfully, Indian cinema, ghazals, songs and qawallis and people who spoke the Urdu kept it alive to a huge extent.”

Nagpur's well known chartered accountant T S Rawal has come up with a unique way to promote and keep the Urdu language alive!
Students in T S Rawal’s Urdu class. (Photo by: Suyash Sethiya)

All for the love of Urdu

Tejinder Singh Rawal started the Urdu class with two purposes: One – For doing his bit to keep the language alive and Two: For people who have a penchant for Urdu. Speaking about his class Rawal says, “I have designed a six-week course for this class, otherwise six years are not enough to learn Urdu! I used my Urdu education background for developing methods to make these people learn Urdu; basically help them move from Hindi to Urdu in a short period of time. It’s great that right in the second week, people in the class started developing small sentences in Urdu and they were able to read, write and communicate in Urdu. These people were a bit apprehensive initially but I told them that it’s my guarantee that they will be able to write and read Urdu in six weeks! And till the last person learns it, I will keep striving!” Rawal adds, ” Interestingly, there is research which states that learning Urdu can be a good cure for dementia and other mental illnesses because it rakes up your brain. You have to really think a lot to be able to read and write Urdu.”

Back to school!

Rawal’s class is attended by approximately 40 odd people. Some of these students are his friends but half of the people are people whom he did not know before. There are a few doctors, five chartered accountants, an income tax officer, a Deputy commissioner of Police, a Wing commander, a CBI officer and a chief accounts officer in the class. The youngest student is a 4th standard student and the oldest is a 70-year-old man. This man who’s a Muslim is attending Rawal’s class for the second time (he took a course earlier as well). It is because of this class that he can read the holy Quran in Arabic now. A Sikh teaching Urdu to a Muslim man – that’s the power of language; it binds people together!

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Entertainment

I’m known for small and mid-budget films, so I can never enter 300 crore club: Ayushmann Khurrana

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Elina Nayak | India

Ayushmann Khurrana

Ayushmann Khurrana is back with an action drama, ‘An Action Hero’. And the trailer of the film is a promising one, a real genre-bender for Ayushmann fans. The movie also has Jaideep Ahlawat playing the lead alongside Ayushmann. So when asked to comment on how many big stars are doing two-hero films these days, Ayushmann, who has always teamed up with actors playing strong characters, said, “Be it Annu Kapoor’s character in ‘Vicky Donor, Rajkummar Rao in ‘Bareilly Ki Barfi’, Gajraj Rao in ‘Badhai Ho or Tabu in ‘Andhadhun’, all these characters were equally strong along with mine. So, I’ve never followed the trend. I work with actors who contribute to a film. Ultimately, it’s the film that’s a winner.”

Moreover, Ayushmann finds inspiration in Ajay Devgn. “I take a lot of inspiration from Ajay Devgn sir. Like in his film ‘Golmaal’, most of the punch lines were with other cast members, still he did the film. It’s important to keep your film before yourself. A good film is all about a collaboration between the actors, directors and everyone else.”

Ayushmann is one of the finest actors in Bollywood. But ask him if he ever feels the pressure of delivering hits, he said, “I always scout for fresh content. And have a tick list – like has this subject been done in Hindi cinema before? Is the subject original and pathbreaking? But once I do the film, I leave it to the audience whether to accept it or not. I want to give it my best in whatever I do. So, I don’t think I’ll ever be known for a 300 crore film. I’m known for small and mid-budget films. Hence, I can afford to take risks without pressure.”

Also read: If I’ve a genuine friendship with someone, that relationship is still labeled and that affects me: Kartik Aaryan

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National

Constitution day | Bet you didn’t know these interesting facts about the Indian Constitution

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Avani Arya | Reporter : Shamanand Tayde | Nagpur

Constitution Day is also known as “National Law Day”. It is celebrated in India on 26 November every year to commemorate the adoption of the Constitution of India. Know some interesting facts about the Indian Constitution in the video.

सभी को पता है कि India को 15 अगस्त 1947 को independence  मिली थी.साल 1949 में 26 नवंबर यानी आज ही के दिन india  का constitution  बनकर तैयार हुआ था. India का constitution  26 जनवरी 1950 से लागू किया गया था. इसके साथ ही भारत में हर साल 26 नवंबर को constitution day  मनाया जाता है. India का constitution  दुनिया के सभी constitutions को परखने के बाद बनाया गया था. इसलिए इस constitution को सबसे Important constitution कहा जाता है. 

Indian Constitution से जुड़े ऐसे कई Interesting Facts हैं, जिनके बारे में जानकर आप हैरान रह जाएंगे. भारत देश के citizen होने के नाते बच्चों से लेकर बड़ों तक, हर किसी को Constitution Of India से जुड़े ये Interesting Facts  जरूर पता होने चाहिए.

क्या आप जानते है कि  Indian Constitution  World’s Longest Constitution  है. Indian Constitution को लिखने के लिए  dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar को  Father Of Indian Constitution भी कहां जाता है.  डॉ. भीमराव आंबेडकर ने Constitution  को दो साल, 11 महीने और 18 दिनों में तैयार कर India को dedicate किया था. इसके कुछ हिस्से America, Germany , United Kingdom , Australia , Ireland , Canada  और Japan  के Constitution  से लिए गए हैं.

26 नवंबर 1949 को Indian Constituent Assembly की तरफ से इसे अपनाया गया और 26 नवंबर 1950 को इसे एक democratic government system के साथ लागू किया गया था. बाबासाहेब आंबेडकर के योगदान को याद करने और constitution के importance का प्रसार करने के लिए constitution day  मनाया जाता है. Indian Government  की ओर से पहली बार 2015 मेंconstitution day  मनाया गया. 29 अगस्त 1947 को भारत के constitution का draft  तैयार करने वाली Committee की स्थापना हुई. जिसमें chairmen  के रूप में डॉ. भीमराव अंबेडकर appoint हुए. जवाहरलाल नेहरू, डॉ राजेन्द्र प्रसाद, सरदार वल्लभ भाई पटेल, मौलाना अबुल कलाम आजाद भी इस सभा के main members  थे.

क्या आप यह जानते है कि Indian Constitution  में 448 Articles, 22 Parts, 12 schedule और 97 amendment हैं. Indian Constitution की दो copies  हाथ से लिखी गई हैं, जोकि Hindi  और English  language में हैं. इसमें किसी भी तरह की typing या print का use नहीं किया गया था. दोनों handwritten copies पर 24 जनवरी 1950 को उस समय के 284  members of parliament के सामने Signature किए गए थे. Indian Constitution को बनाते समय कई देशों के  Constitution को study किया गया था. हमारे constitution  में देश के citizens के fundamental rights, Duties
 और government machinery के बारे में Detailed Information  दी गई है. इसमें ये बताया गया है कि President, Prime Minister , Governer  और Chief Ministers  की क्या powers हैं और किस तरह से Legislature, executive और Judiciary काम करती है.

Constitution  बनने से पहले भारत में British government  की ओर से  बनाया हुआ act 1935 लागू किया जाता था. Indian Constitution के rules  के मुताबिक Republic Day के मौके पर राष्ट्रपति और Independence Day के मौके पर pm देश को addressed करते है.

तो यह थे Indian Constitution से जुड़े कुछ Interesting Facts

Script by – Shamanand Tayde

Also Read: ‘Pakistan Zindabad’ slogans raised during Rahul Gandhi led Bharat Jodo Yatra, claims Madhya Pradesh CM Shivraj Chouhan

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Politics

‘Pakistan Zindabad’ slogans raised during Rahul Gandhi led Bharat Jodo Yatra, claims Madhya Pradesh CM Shivraj Chouhan

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Avani Arya | Nagpur
“Pakistan Zindabad” slogans were being raised during Congress’ Bharat Jodo Yatra, claimed Madhya Pradesh CM Shivraj Singh Chouhan on November 25.

Madhya Pradesh CM Shivraj Chouhan, Bharat Jodo Yatra leader Rahul Gandhi

“Pakistan Zindabad” slogans were being raised during Rahul Gandhi led Bharat Jodo Yatra, claimed Madhya Pradesh CM Shivraj Singh Chouhan on November 25. He also said that he has ordered a probe into the incident.

Earlier that day, BJP leaders alleged that partakers in the Yatra shouted ‘Pakistan Zindabad’ in Khargone, Madhya Pradesh. A controversy flared up after BJP State President VD Sharma and other party leaders shared a video on social media claiming that ‘Pakistan Zindabad’ slogans were raised during the rally.

Calling it a conspiracy by the BJP against Rahul Gandhi, Congress Party denied the claims. Yatra entered Madhya Pradesh on its 77th day of the Padyatra on November 23.

Covering a total distance of  3,570 km, Congress claimed that Bharat Jodo Yatra is the longest march on foot by any Indian politician in the history of India. It started from Kanyakumari on September 7, and will end in Kashmir next year.

Also Read: Kejriwal accuses PM Modi of waving off huge loan defaulters ‘behind closed doors’

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